Engine Nissan TD23

The 2.3-liter Nissan TD23 diesel engine was assembled for a very short time from 1985 to 1995 and was installed on commercial vehicles, Caravan minibuses and D21 pickups. This power unit is the least common in a series of motors under the TD index.

The TD series includes internal combustion engines: TD25, TD27, TD27ETi and TD42.

The engine was installed on:

  • Nissan Navara 1 (D21) in 1985 – 1992;
  • Nissan Caravan E24 in 1986 – 1990.


Production years 1985-1995
Displacement, cc 2289
Fuel system vortex chamber
Power output, hp 75
Torque output, Nm 150
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head cast iron 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 89
Piston stroke, mm 92
Compression ratio 22
Features no
Hydraulic lifters no
Timing drive gear
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 10W-30
Engine oil capacity, liter 6.2
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 1/2
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Nissan Caravan 1988)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~440 000
Weight, kg 230

Disadvantages of the TD23 engine

  • The engine is very noisy and prone to vibrations due to the timing gear drive;
  • The gears wear out by a run of 250,000 km and the valve timing goes astray;
  • At about the same mileage, a pump or a gear block gasket starts to flow;
  • On the electrical side, only the oil pressure sensor and crankshaft position are buggy;
  • Detonation due to bad fuel cracks the bridges between the vortex chambers.

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