Engine Toyota 1KD-FTV under the hood

Engine Toyota 1KD-FTV

The new 3-liter 1KD-FTV diesel engine has significantly improved its performance, coming close to gasoline engines of the same capacity in terms of power and significantly exceeding them in terms of torque. However, it should be noted right away that in terms of dynamic performance, a car with such an engine is still significantly inferior to them.

Engine Toyota 1KD-FTVThe Toyota 1KD engine, which replaced the 1KZ, uses Denso’s Common rail injection system. The engine is also equipped with a Toyota CT16V turbocharger with variable geometry and an intercooler. This turbine generates a 1.1 bar excess.

Maintenance of 1KD motors is no different from standard motors in this class. Engine maintenance is carried out at intervals of 15,000 km. The recommended service must be
carried out every 10,000 km.


Manufacturer Toyota Motor Corporation
Also called 1KD
Production years 2000
Displacement, cc 2982
Power output, hp 109/3000
Torque output, Nm / rpm 286/1200-1600
Cylinder block alloy cast iron
Engine’s type diesel
Configuration inline
Number of cylinders 4
Number of valves 16
Piston stroke, mm 103
Cylinder bore, mm 96
Compression ratio 18.4:1
Euro standards Euro 3
Euro 4
Euro 5
Turbocharger Toyota CT16V
Weight, kg 260
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Prado 150)
— city
— highway
— combined
Oil consumption, gr/1000 km up to 1000
Recommended engine oil 0W-30 (since 10.2010), 5W-30, 10W-30, 15W-40, 20W-50
Engine oil capacity, liter 7.4
Oil change interval, km 10000
Engine lifespan, km
— official information
— real


Modifications 1KD-FTV

The following modifications entered serial production:

  • 1KD-FTV 109 hp – derated motor, tuning of which is the easiest;
  • 1KD-FTV 136 HP – improved device of the gas distribution system;
  • 1KD-FTV 163 HP – modified ignition and cooling system;
  • 1KD-FTV 170 HP – modified attachments, control scheme and piston design;
  • 1KD-FTV 173 HP – maximized power.

Frequent problems

  • up to 2011, aluminum pistons on these engines often cracked;
  • injectors do not like bad fuel and can clog up to 100 thousand km;
  • problems with the unstable operation of the internal combustion engine are solved after adjusting the valves;
  • the motor is prone to coking with rings and oil grease;
  • vibrations are symptoms of a cracked piston that periodically occurs with a Euro-4 engine;
  • white smoke, low oil pressure – models produced between the end of 2004 and 2007 had a problem with low-quality copper washers under the nozzles and it is advisable to replace them with normal aluminum ones.

The service life of the 1KD-FTV series engine is on average about 100 thousand km. mileage. Many experts note that regular maintenance, such as adjusting valve clearances, has a positive impact on the mileage of these diesel engines.

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