Engine Volkswagen JX

The 1.6-liter turbo diesel engine Volkswagen JX 1.6 TD was assembled from 1984 to 1992 and installed on various modifications of the very popular Transporter T3 minibus. This diesel was known for low power, noisy operation, frequent cracking of the cylinder head.

The EA086 series also includes: JK, JP, JX, SB, 1X, 1Y, AAZ, ABL.


Production years 1984-1992
Displacement, cc 1588
Fuel system prechambers
Power output, hp 70
Torque output, Nm 138
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 76.5
Piston stroke, mm 86.4
Compression ratio 23.0
Features SOHC
Hydraulic lifters yes
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging yes
Recommended engine oil 5W-40
Engine oil capacity, liter 4.0
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 0
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for VW Transporter T3 1985)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~350 000

The engine was installed on:

  • Volkswagen Transporter T3 (25) in 1984 – 1992.

Disadvantages of the VW JX engine

  • Most of all, these diesel engines are afraid of overheating, the aluminum cylinder head often cracks;
  • In second place in popularity are high pressure fuel pump leaks;
  • The timing belt changes every 60,000 km, if it breaks, you usually have to change the cylinder head;
  • Closer to 150 – 200 thousand kilometers, the engine turbine often starts to drive oil;
  • On runs over 200,000 km, an oil burner is often found, as well as lubricant leaks.

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