Engine Volkswagen 1X

The 1.9-liter naturally aspirated VW 1X 1.9 D diesel engine was produced from 1990 to 1995 and installed on the basic modifications of the popular Transporter T4 minibus. This diesel engine was distinguished by great endurance, but it had a very phlegmatic character.

The EA086 series also includes: JK, JP, JX, SB, 1X, 1Y, AAZ, ABL.


Production years 1990-1995
Displacement, cc 1896
Fuel system prechambers
Power output, hp 60
Torque output, Nm 127
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 79.5
Piston stroke, mm 95.5
Compression ratio 23.0
Features SOHC
Hydraulic lifters yes
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 5W-30
Engine oil capacity, liter 4.8
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 1
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for VW Transporter T4 1992)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~550 000

The engine was installed on:

  • Volkswagen Transporter T4 (7D) in 1990 – 1995.

Disadvantages of the VW 1X engine

  • Most of all, this motor is afraid of overheating, its aluminum cylinder head immediately cracks;
  • Very often there are fuel leaks through the high-pressure fuel pump, gaskets wear out quickly;
  • The timing belt resource is approximately 60,000 km, and when it breaks, the valves bend in 100% of cases;
  • At high mileage, this diesel engine often consumes oil up to 1.5 liters per 1000 km;
  • The rest of the engine problems are more often related to its age, and not to reliability.

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