Engine Volkswagen JP

The 1.6-liter Volkswagen JP 1.6 D diesel engine was assembled at the factory from 1983 to 1992 and installed on such popular models as the Golf 2 and similar Jetta and Cuddy. This naturally aspirated diesel engine runs noisily and with strong vibrations, and is not bad in terms of reliability.

The EA086 series also includes: JK, JP, JX, SB, 1X, 1Y, AAZ, ABL.


Production years 1983-1992
Displacement, cc 1588
Fuel system prechambers
Power output, hp 54
Torque output, Nm 100
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 76.5
Piston stroke, mm 86.4
Compression ratio 23.0
Features SOHC
Hydraulic lifters yes
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 5W-40
Engine oil capacity, liter 4.0
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 0
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for VW Golf 1985)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~380 000

The engine was installed on:

  • Volkswagen Caddy 1 (14) in 1983 – 1992;
  • Volkswagen Golf 2 (1G) in 1983 – 1991;
  • Volkswagen Jetta 2 (1G) in 1983 – 1992.

Disadvantages of the VW JP engine

  • This is an old-style diesel engine: it works noisily, vibrates strongly, is afraid of frost;
  • The main problem is the rapid cracking of the aluminum cylinder head after overheating;
  • Also here, the high pressure fuel pump very often leaks through the gaskets;
  • According to the regulations, the timing belt is changed every 60,000 km, or if it breaks, the valves will bend;
  • At high mileage, an oil burner and leaks of lubricant or antifreeze are often found.

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