Engine Volkswagen SB

The 1.6-liter diesel engine Volkswagen SB 1.6 TD was produced from 1989 to 1993 and was installed on many models of the concern, but is mainly known from the Passat B3 model. This turbodiesel was the most powerful in its line and was distinguished by the presence of an intercooler.

The EA086 series also includes: JK, JP, JX, SB, 1X, 1Y, AAZ, ABL.


Production years 1989-1993
Displacement, cc 1588
Fuel system prechambers
Power output, hp 80
Torque output, Nm 152
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 76.5
Piston stroke, mm 86.4
Compression ratio 23.0
Features SOHC, intercooler
Hydraulic lifters yes
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging yes
Recommended engine oil 5W-40
Engine oil capacity, liter 4.0
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 0
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for VW Passat 1990)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~330 000

The engine was installed on:

  • Audi 80 B3 (8A) in 1989 – 1991;
  • Audi 90 B3 (8A) in 1989 – 1991;
  • Volkswagen Golf 2 (1G) in 1989 – 1991;
  • Volkswagen Jetta 2 (1G) in 1989 – 1991;
  • Volkswagen Passat B3 (31) in 1989 – 1993.

Disadvantages of the VW SB engine

  • The most famous problem is cylinder head cracks, but you can ride with them for a long time;
  • The high pressure fuel pump leaks here regularly and it is better to monitor it;
  • According to the regulations, the timing belt changes every 60,000 km, and when it breaks, the valves bend;
  • Closer to 200,000 km, the turbine needs attention, as well as the intermediate shaft bushings;
  • On long runs, an oil burner and lubricant leaks from a couple of places are often found.

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