Engine Saab D223L

The 2.2-liter diesel engine Saab D223L or 2.2 TiD was produced from 1998 to 2005 and was installed on a couple of the most popular models of the Swedish concern with indexes 9-3 and 9-5. Such a diesel engine exists in two versions: created on the basis of the X22DTH engine and the Y22DTH unit.

Saab diesel engines: D207E, D207L, D207R, D223L, D308L.


Production years 1998-2005
Displacement, cc 2171
Fuel system direct injection
Power output, hp 115 (1st version)
125 (2nd version)
Torque output, Nm 260 (1st version)
280 (2nd version)
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 16v
Cylinder bore, mm 84
Piston stroke, mm 98
Compression ratio 18.5
Features intercooler
Hydraulic lifters yes
Timing drive chain
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging Garrett GT1549S (1st version)
Garrett GT1849V (2nd version)
Recommended engine oil 5W-40
Engine oil capacity, liter 5.5
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 2 (1st version)
EURO 3 (2nd version)
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Saab 9-3 2001)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~320 000
Weight, kg 195

The engine was installed on:

  • Saab 9-3 I (YS3D) in 1998 – 2003; 9-3 II (YS3F) in 2002 – 2004;
  • Saab 9-5 I (YS3E) in 2002 – 2005.

Disadvantages of the Saab D223L engine

  • The main problems of this diesel engine are associated with the vagaries of the Bosch VP44 injection pump;
  • Timing chains are not very high resource here, especially for the upper;
  • Due to the drying of the gaskets under the injectors, the fuel is often mixed with oil;
  • Airing the system gives a lot of trouble to the owners;
  • Intake swirl flaps often wedge, and can also fall off and fall into the cylinders;
  • The weak points of this unit also include a starter, a vacuum pump and an EGR valve.

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