The 2.2-liter diesel engine Saab D223L or 2.2 TiD was produced from 1998 to 2005 and was installed on a couple of the most popular models of the Swedish concern with indexes 9-3 and 9-5. Such a diesel engine exists in two versions: created on the basis of the X22DTH engine and the Y22DTH unit.
Saab diesel engines: D207E, D207L, D207R, D223L, D308L.
|Fuel system||direct injection|
|Power output, hp||115 (1st version)
125 (2nd version)
|Torque output, Nm||260 (1st version)
280 (2nd version)
|Cylinder block||cast iron R4|
|Block head||aluminum 16v|
|Cylinder bore, mm||84|
|Piston stroke, mm||98|
|Turbocharging||Garrett GT1549S (1st version)
Garrett GT1849V (2nd version)
|Recommended engine oil||5W-40|
|Engine oil capacity, liter||5.5|
|Euro standards||EURO 2 (1st version)
EURO 3 (2nd version)
|Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Saab 9-3 2001)
|Engine lifespan, km||~320 000|
The engine was installed on:
- Saab 9-3 I (YS3D) in 1998 – 2003; 9-3 II (YS3F) in 2002 – 2004;
- Saab 9-5 I (YS3E) in 2002 – 2005.
Disadvantages of the Saab D223L engine
- The main problems of this diesel engine are associated with the vagaries of the Bosch VP44 injection pump;
- Timing chains are not very high resource here, especially for the upper;
- Due to the drying of the gaskets under the injectors, the fuel is often mixed with oil;
- Airing the system gives a lot of trouble to the owners;
- Intake swirl flaps often wedge, and can also fall off and fall into the cylinders;
- The weak points of this unit also include a starter, a vacuum pump and an EGR valve.