Engine Nissan CD20T

The 2.0-litre Nissan CD20T turbodiesel engine was built from 1991 to 2002 in Japan and fitted to the company’s very popular models such as the Primera, Serena and Avenir. There is also a CD20ET version of this unit with an electronic high pressure fuel pump and a CD20ETi with an intercooler.

The CD series also includes internal combustion engines: CD17 and CD20.

The engine was installed on:

  • Nissan Avenir 1 (W10) in 1993 – 1998;
  • Nissan Avenir 2 (W11) in 1998 – 2000;
  • Nissan Primera 2 (P11) in 1996 – 2002;
  • Nissan Serena C23 in 1991 – 2002.


Production years 1991-2002
Displacement, cc 1973
Fuel system vortex chamber
Power output, hp 90
Torque output, Nm 174
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 84.5
Piston stroke, mm 88
Compression ratio 22.2
Features no
Hydraulic lifters as option
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging yes
Recommended engine oil 10W-30
Engine oil capacity, liter 5.5
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 1/2
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Nissan Primera 1997)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~230 000
Weight, kg 200

Disadvantages of the CD20T engine

  • On specialized forums, they often complain about the airing of the cooling system;
  • Many owners have experienced overheating, blown gaskets and cylinder head cracks;
  • It is important to follow the timing belt replacement schedule, because when it breaks, the valve bends;
  • The turbine regularly fails, which is expensive even in the secondary market;
  • On a run of about 200 – 250 thousand km, compression in the cylinders most often already drops.

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