Engine GM F16D3

Engine Chevrolet F16D3

The 1.6-liter Chevrolet F16D3 or LXT engine was assembled in South Korea from 2004 to 2013 and installed on a number of mass models of the concern, such as Aveo, Lacetti and Cruze. This power unit was essentially an upgraded version of the Daewoo A16DMS engine.

By design, this is a classic engine for that time with distributed fuel injection, a cast-iron block for 4 cylinders, an aluminum 16-valve head with hydraulic compensators, a timing belt and a plastic intake manifold with a VGIS geometry change system.

The F series also includes internal combustion engines: F14D3, F14D4, F15S3, F16D4, F18D3 and F18D4.

The engine was installed on:

  • Chevrolet Aveo T250 in 2008 – 2011;
  • Chevrolet Cruze 1 (J300) in 2008 – 2010;
  • Chevrolet Lacetti J200 in 2004 – 2013;
  • Chevrolet Lanos T150 in 2005 – 2013.

Specifications

Manufacturer GM DAT
Production years 2004-2013
Cylinder block alloy cast iron
Fuel system distributed injection
Configuration inline
Number of cylinders 4
Valves per cylinder 4
Piston stroke, mm 81.5
Cylinder bore, mm 79
Compression ratio 9.5
Displacement, cc 1598
Power output, hp 109/5800
Torque output, Nm / rpm 150/4000
Fuel type 92
Euro standards Euro 3/4
Weight, kg ~112
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Chevrolet Lacetti 2006)
— city
— highway
— combined
9.2
5.9
7.1
Oil consumption, L/1000 km 0.6
Recommended engine oil 10W-30 / 5W-30
Engine oil capacity, liter 3.75
Amount of engine oil for replacement, liter about 3
Oil change interval, km 15000
Engine lifespan, km ~350 000

Disadvantages of the F16D3 engine

  • In the engines of this series, the manufacturer incorrectly selected the gaps in the sleeve-valve pair and therefore their plates quickly overgrow with deposits and cannot close completely. Over time, the soot gets to the valve stem and they simply begin to hang.
  • According to the official regulations, the timing belt is replaced every 60 thousand kilometers, however, the forums describe many cases when it breaks even at 30,000 km, and this, in turn, is a guaranteed valve bend and a very expensive repair.
  • A lot of trouble for owners of cars with engines of this series is caused by the rapid contamination of the intake manifold, which often leads to a breakdown in the system for changing its geometry. If there is no desire to clean the manifold every 10,000 km, then you can turn off the EGR valve.
  • Due to a clogged crankcase ventilation system, leaks often occur and lubricant enters the candle wells, high-voltage wires serve quite little and lambda probes regularly burn out. Also, the weak points include the thermostat and the oil pump, which is always sweating over the gasket.

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