Engine Toyota 4Y

The 2.2-liter Toyota 4Y carbureted engine was produced by the company from 1985 to 1997 and was installed on the popular Town Ace and HiAce minibuses, Hilux pickups and Crown S130 sedans. Especially for commercial vehicles, a modification derated up to 70 hp was produced.

The Y family includes engines: 1Y, 2Y, 3Y, 3Y‑E, 3Y‑EU, 4Y, 4Y‑E.

The engine was installed on:

  • Toyota Crown 8 (S130) in 1987 – 1995;
  • Toyota HiAce 3 (H50) in 1985 – 1989;
  • Toyota Hilux 5 (N80) in 1988 – 1997;
  • Toyota Town Ace 2 (R20) in 1985 – 1996;
  • Volkswagen Taro 1 (7A) in 1989 – 1997.

Specifications

Production years 1985-1997
Displacement, cc 2237
Fuel system carburetor
Power output, hp 90 – 95
Torque output, Nm 175 – 185
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 91
Piston stroke, mm 86
Compression ratio 8.8
Features OHV
Hydraulic lifters yes
Timing drive chain
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 5W-30
Engine oil capacity, liter 3.5
Fuel type 92
Euro standards EURO 0
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota Hilux 1990)
— city
— highway
— combined
10.5
7.9
8.8
Engine lifespan, km ~320 000
Weight, kg 155

Disadvantages of the Toyota 4Y engine

  • The main difficulties are associated with setting up a structurally complex carburetor;
  • Also in this engine is an unusual ignition system and an original fuel pump;
  • From overheating, the head of the block very often leads here and usually with a breakdown of the gasket;
  • On specialized forums, several cases are described with unscrewing the pulley block;
  • Closer to 200,000 km, the power units of this series often consume oil.

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