Engine Toyota 4Y-E

The 2.2-liter Toyota 4Y-E injection engine was produced by the concern from 1985 to 1996 and was installed on HiAce or Town Ace minibuses, Hilux pickups and 4Runner SUVs. After the end of production, the motor moved to China, where it is assembled as GW 491QE or Q491ME.

The Y family includes engines: 1Y, 2Y, 3Y, 3Y‑E, 3Y‑EU, 4Y, 4Y‑E.

The engine was installed on:

  • Toyota 4Runner 2 (N120) in 1989 – 1993;
  • Toyota Hilux 5 (N80) in 1988 – 1993;
  • Toyota HiAce 3 (H50) in 1985 – 1989;
  • Toyota Town Ace 2 (R20) in 1985 – 1996.


Production years 1985-1996
Displacement, cc 2237
Fuel system injector
Power output, hp 100 – 110
Torque output, Nm 180 – 190
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 91
Piston stroke, mm 86
Compression ratio 9.0
Features OHV
Hydraulic lifters yes
Timing drive chain
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 5W-30
Engine oil capacity, liter 3.5
Fuel type petrol
Euro standards EURO 2-4
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota 4Runner 1990)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~250 000
Weight, kg 155

Disadvantages of the Toyota 4Y-E engine

  • This power unit is extremely prone to overheating, most often with a gasket breakdown;
  • The jumper between the 4th cylinder and the antifreeze channel may also collapse;
  • After replacing the gasket, it is imperative to broach the cylinder head after 1500 km;
  • Many owners are faced with oil consumption and often from the first km of run;
  • The remaining problems come down to lubrication leaks or the vagaries of the ignition system.

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