The 2.2-liter Toyota 4Y-E injection engine was produced by the concern from 1985 to 1996 and was installed on HiAce or Town Ace minibuses, Hilux pickups and 4Runner SUVs. After the end of production, the motor moved to China, where it is assembled as GW 491QE or Q491ME.
The Y family includes engines: 1Y, 2Y, 3Y, 3Y‑E, 3Y‑EU, 4Y, 4Y‑E.
The engine was installed on:
- Toyota 4Runner 2 (N120) in 1989 – 1993;
- Toyota Hilux 5 (N80) in 1988 – 1993;
- Toyota HiAce 3 (H50) in 1985 – 1989;
- Toyota Town Ace 2 (R20) in 1985 – 1996.
|Power output, hp||100 – 110|
|Torque output, Nm||180 – 190|
|Cylinder block||cast iron R4|
|Block head||aluminum 8v|
|Cylinder bore, mm||91|
|Piston stroke, mm||86|
|Recommended engine oil||5W-30|
|Engine oil capacity, liter||3.5|
|Euro standards||EURO 2-4|
|Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota 4Runner 1990)
|Engine lifespan, km||~250 000|
Disadvantages of the Toyota 4Y-E engine
- This power unit is extremely prone to overheating, most often with a gasket breakdown;
- The jumper between the 4th cylinder and the antifreeze channel may also collapse;
- After replacing the gasket, it is imperative to broach the cylinder head after 1500 km;
- Many owners are faced with oil consumption and often from the first km of run;
- The remaining problems come down to lubrication leaks or the vagaries of the ignition system.