Engine Toyota 2Y

The 1.8-liter Toyota 2Y carbureted engine was produced in Japan from 1982 to 1997 and was installed on Hiace and Town Ace minibuses, as well as Hilux pickups and their various clones. There were modifications of this motor with a catalyst 2Y-J, 2Y-U and a gas version 2Y-P.

The Y family includes engines: 1Y, 2Y, 3Y, 3Y‑E, 3Y‑EU, 4Y, 4Y‑E.

The engine was installed on:

  • Toyota Hilux 5 (N80) in 1988 – 1995;
  • Toyota Mark II Van X70 in 1984 – 1997;
  • Toyota HiAce 3 (H50) in 1982 – 1989;
  • Toyota TownAce 2 (R20) in 1982 – 1991;
  • Volkswagen Taro 1 (7A) in 1989 – 1997.


Production years 1982-1997
Displacement, cc 1812
Fuel system carburetor
Power output, hp 80 – 95
Torque output, Nm 140 – 155
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 86
Piston stroke, mm 78
Compression ratio 8.8
Features OHV
Hydraulic lifters yes
Timing drive chain
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 5W-30
Engine oil capacity, liter 3.5
Fuel type petrol
Euro standards EURO 0
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota Mark II Van 1986)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~275 000
Weight, kg 145

Disadvantages of the Toyota 2Y engine

  • The main problems are caused by setting up a sophisticated carburetor design;
  • It has a lot of vacuum tubes, which eventually lose their tightness;
  • Also on these engines the original ignition system and its own fuel pump;
  • With insufficient cooling, cylinder head warping due to overheating often occurs;
  • At long runs, the power unit can already consume a lot of oil for waste.

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