The 4.5-liter Toyota 1VD-FTV engine has been produced at the plant of the Japanese concern since 2007 and is installed on the Land Cruiser 200 SUV, as well as the similar Lexus LX 450d. In addition to the bi-turbo diesel version, there is a modification with one turbine for the Land Cruiser 70.
The 1VD-FTV engine is Toyota’s first V8 diesel engine. It replaced the old and proven inline 6-cylinder 1HD-FTE. To comply with Euro 5 regulations, the engine is equipped with a water-cooled Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system with a catalytic converter and a diesel particulate filter.
There is no need to adjust the valves here – there are hydraulic lifters. The 1VD-FTV engine is quite reliable due to its volume, but it is capricious in maintenance.
The unit has a cast-iron block with a closed cooling jacket and a 90° camber angle, aluminum DOHC heads with hydraulic compensators, a Common Rail Denso fuel system and a combined timing drive consisting of a pair of chains and a set of several gears. There is a version with a single turbine Garrett GTA2359V and bi-turbo with two IHI VB36 and VB37.
In 2012, an updated version of such a diesel engine appeared, which has a large number of differences, but the main thing is the presence of a particulate filter and a more modern fuel system with piezo injectors instead of electromagnetic ones earlier.
Explanation of designation:
- 1 – engine generation;
- VD – engine family;
- F – two-shaft timing (DOHC);
- T – turbocharging;
- V – direct injection D-4D Common rail.
The engine was installed on:
- Toyota Land Cruiser 70 (J70) since 2007;
- Toyota Land Cruiser 200 (J200) in 2007 – 2021;
- Lexus LX450d 3 (J200) in 2015 – 2021.
|Production years||since 2007|
|Fuel system||Common Rail|
|Power output, hp||185 – 205 (versions with 1 turbine)
220 – 286 (versions with 2 turbines)
|Torque output, Nm||430 (versions with 1 turbine)
615 – 650 (versions with 2 turbines)
|Cylinder block||cast iron V8|
|Block head||aluminum 32v|
|Cylinder bore, mm||86|
|Piston stroke, mm||96|
|Timing drive||chains and gears|
IHI VB36 and VB37
|Recommended engine oil||0W-30, 5W-30|
|Engine oil capacity, liter||10.8|
|Euro standards||EURO 3/4 (versions with 1 turbine)
EURO 4/5 (versions with 2 turbines)
|Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota Land Cruiser 200 2008)
|Engine lifespan, km||~500 000|
|Weight, kg||340 (AT)
Disadvantages of the 1VD-FTV engine
- Diesels of the first years of production often suffered from oil consumption, up to a liter per 1000 km. Usually the oil consumption disappeared after replacing the vacuum pump or oil separator. Even in the first versions with piezo injectors, pistons often melted from fuel overflow.
- Some owners and even servicemen, when replacing the oil filter, threw away the aluminum bushing along with the old filter. As a result, the insides were crumpled and stopped leaking lubricant, which often turned into a turn of the liners.
- The main hypothesis for the cause of severe cylinder wear and scuffing is intake contamination through the EGR system and subsequent engine overheating, but many consider overly frugal owners to be the culprit.
- The weak points of this motor include a not very durable water pump and turbines. And such a diesel engine is often chip-tuned, which greatly reduces its resource.