Engine Toyota 3L

The Japanese company produced the 2.8-liter Toyota 3L diesel engine from 1988 to 2015 and installed it on HiAce minibuses, Dyna delivery trucks, and Hilux SUV pickups. Copies of this power unit are still produced for various commercial vehicles.

The engine was installed on:

  • Toyota 4Runner 2 (N120) in 1989 – 1995;
  • Toyota HiAce 4 (H100) in 1989 – 2004;
  • Toyota Hilux 5 (N80) in 1988 – 1997; Hilux 6 (N140) in 1997 – 2005;
  • Toyota LC Prado J70 in 1990 – 1996; LC Prado 90 (J90) in 1996 – 2002.

Specifications

Production years 1988-2015
Displacement, cc 2779
Fuel system prechamber
Power output, hp 78 – 91
Torque output, Nm 188
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head cast iron 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 96
Piston stroke, mm 96
Compression ratio 22.2
Features SOHC
Hydraulic lifters no
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 5W-40
Engine oil capacity, liter 6.1
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 1/2
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota Land Cruiser Prado 1997)
— city
— highway
— combined
13.5
8.6
10.7
Engine lifespan, km ~400 000
Weight, kg 230

Disadvantages of the Toyota 3L engine

  • Diesel engines of this series are very reliable, but noisy and vibration-loaded;
  • The engine does not have any weak points; on specialized forums, they only complain about leaks;
  • On runs of 200 – 300 thousand km, fuel injectors may often require replacement;
  • If the timing belt breaks, not only the valves will bend here, but the camshaft will also break;
  • Hydraulic compensators are not provided and valve clearances have to be adjusted.

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