Engine Toyota 5L / 5L-E

The 3.0-liter Toyota 5L diesel engine was assembled at the company’s plant from 1994 to 2005 and put on HiAce minibuses, Hilux pickups or various modifications of the Dyna truck. Numerous clones of this power unit are still produced in a number of Asian countries.

Toyota 5L-E has been assembled since 1997 and is still installed on various minibuses and SUVs such as HiAce and Land Cruiser Prado. This engine differs from the Toyota 5L by the Denso electronically controlled high-pressure fuel pump.

The 5L engine was installed on:

  • Toyota HiAce 4 (H100) in 1994 – 2004;
  • Toyota Hilux 6 (N140) in 1997 – 2005;
  • Toyota LC Prado 90 (J90) in 1996 – 2002.

The 5L-E engine was installed on:

  • Toyota Fortuner 1 (AN50) in 2004 – 2015; Fortuner AN150 since 2015;
  • Toyota HiAce 5 (H200) since 2004;
  • Toyota Hilux 6 (N140) in 1997 – 2005;
  • Toyota Kijang 4 (F60) in 1997 – 2007;
  • Toyota LC Prado 90 (J90) in 1999 – 2002; LC Prado 120 (J120) in 2002 – 2009; LC Prado 150 (J150) in 2009.

Specifications

Production years since 1994
Displacement, cc 2986
Fuel system prechamber
Power output, hp 89 – 97 (5L)
91 – 105 (5L-E)
Torque output, Nm 191 (5L)
190 – 200 (5L-E)
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head cast iron 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 99.5
Piston stroke, mm 96
Compression ratio 22.2
Features SOHC
Hydraulic lifters no
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 5W-40
Engine oil capacity, liter 5.1 (5L)
5.7 (5L-E)
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 2 (5L)
EURO 2/3 (5L-E)
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota Hilux 1999)
— city
— highway
— combined
12.5
8.1
9.6
Engine lifespan, km ~450 000
Weight, kg 240

Disadvantages of the 5L / 5L-E engine

  • Atmospheric diesel engines of the L series are quite reliable, but they work noisily and with vibrations;
  • Closer to 200 – 250 thousand kilometers, numerous lubricant leaks often appear;
  • After 200 – 300 thousand kilometers, fuel injectors often require replacement;
  • A broken timing belt is very dangerous for the engine: both the valves bend and the camshaft bursts;
  • Since there are no hydraulic lifters here, the thermal clearances of the valves need to be adjusted;
  • The weak points of such units also include a not very reliable water pump.

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