Engine Subaru FA20

The Subaru FA20D 2.0-liter gasoline engine was first introduced back in 2009 as a joint development of two Japanese concerns, but it went into production in 2012. This motor is put on a sports model, which is known as the Subaru BRZ or Toyota GT86.

The 2.0-liter Subaru FA20F or FA20DIT turbo engine has been produced by the concern since 2012 and is installed on charged versions of the company’s well-known models, such as the Forester XT and Impreza WRX. There are many modifications of this power unit with a capacity of 250 to 300 hp.

The FA family also includes internal combustion engines: FA24.

The FA20D was installed on:

  • Subaru BRZ 1 (ZC) in 2012 – 2021;
  • Toyota GT86 1 (ZN6) in 2012 – 2021 (as 4U-GSE);
  • Scion FR-S 1 (ZN6) in 2012 – 2016 (as 4U-GSE).

The FA20F/FA20DIT was installed on:

  • Subaru Forester 4 (SJ) in 2013 – 2018;
  • Subaru Legacy 5 (BM) in 2012 – 2014;
  • Subaru Legacy 6 (BN) in 2014 – 2019;
  • Subaru Levorg 1 (VM) in 2014 – 2020;
  • Subaru WRX 1 (VA) in 2014 – 2021.

Specifications

Start of production 2012
Displacement, cc 1998
Fuel system direct injection
Power output, hp 200 (FA20D)
250 – 300 (FA20F)
Torque output, Nm 205 (FA20D)
350 – 400 (FA20F)
Cylinder block aluminum H4
Block head aluminum 16v
Cylinder bore, mm 86
Piston stroke, mm 86
Compression ratio 12.5 (FA20D)
10.6 (FA20F)
Features DOHC (FA20D)
DOHC, intercooler (FA20F)
Hydraulic lifters no
Timing drive chain
Phase regulator Dual AVCS
Turbocharging no (FA20D)
twin-scroll (FA20F)
Recommended engine oil 0W-20 (FA20D)
5W-30 (FA20F)
Engine oil capacity, liter 6.3 (FA20D)
5.1 (FA20F)
Fuel type 98 (FA20D)
95 (FA20F)
Euro standards EURO 5
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Subaru BRZ 2015)
— city
— highway
— combined
10.4
6.4
7.8
Engine lifespan, km ~230 000
Weight, kg 170 (FA20D)
185 (FA20F)

Disadvantages of the FA20 engine

  • At first, these units were shaking at low speeds, but the firmware fixed everything;
  • Then came complaints about defective parts: bearings, gears, and sensors;
  • Also, this engine is extremely sensitive to the quality of fuel and lubricants;
  • From non-original oil, Dual AVCS phase regulators quickly fail here;
  • Monitor the level of lubrication in the system, the liners turn here very often.

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