Engine Toyota 1UZ-FE

The 4.0-liter V8 Toyota 1UZ-FE engine was assembled at the Tahara plant from 1989 to 2004 and installed on the most powerful rear-wheel drive models of the Japanese concern of that time. There are two generations of the motor: 1989 without a phase regulator and 1997 with the VVT-i system.

The first engine from the UZ series debuted in 1989 and it was a 4.0 liter unit. This unit was a V-shaped 8-cylinder engine with an aluminum cylinder block, a pair of aluminum heads with 4 valves per cylinder and no hydraulic lifters, a timing belt drive, an ignition system with 2 coils and 2 distributors.

The first time this unit was upgraded in 1994: the injection system was replaced from MFI to SFI, lightweight connecting rods were installed, the compression ratio was raised from 10 to 10.4, which added 5 hp to the engine. Already in 1997, the engine received another update in the form of the VVT-i phase control system. Individual ignition coils also appeared and the compression ratio increased again to 10.5.

The UZ family includes engines: 2UZ‑FE and 3UZ‑FE.

The engine was installed on:

  • Toyota Aristo 1 (S140) in 1991 – 1997; Aristo 2 (S160) in 1997 – 2000;
  • Toyota Celsior 1 (XF10) in 1989 – 1994; Celsior 2 (XF20) in 1994 – 2000;
  • Toyota Crown 8 (S130) in 1989 – 1991;
  • Toyota Crown Majesta 1 (S140) in 1991 – 1995; Crown Majesta 2 (S150) in 1995 – 1999; Crown Majesta 3 (S170) in 1999 – 2002;
  • Toyota HiAce 4 (H100) in 1989 – 2004;
  • Toyota Soarer 3 (Z30) in 1991 – 1997;
  • Lexus GS S140 in 1991 – 1997; GS S160 in 1997 – 2000;
  • Lexus LS XF10 in 1989 – 1994; LS XF20 in 1994 – 2000;
  • Lexus SC Z30 in 1991 – 2000.

Specifications

Production years 1989-2004
Displacement, cc 3968
Fuel system injector
Power output, hp 250 – 260 (non VVT-i)
290 – 300 (with VVT-i)
Torque output, Nm 355 – 365 (non VVT-i)
400 – 420 (with VVT-i)
Cylinder block aluminum V8
Block head aluminum 32v
Cylinder bore, mm 87.5
Piston stroke, mm 82.5
Compression ratio 10 – 10.4 (non VVT-i)
10.5 (with VVT-i)
Hydraulic lifters no
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no (non VVT-i)
VVT-i (with VVT-i)
Turbocharging no
Recommended engine oil 5W-30, 5W-40
Engine oil capacity, liter 5.6
Fuel type 92
Euro standards EURO 2 (non VVT-i)
EURO 3 (with VVT-i)
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota Celsior 1999)
— city
— highway
— combined
14.9
9.2
11.8
Engine lifespan, km ~500 000
Weight, kg 220

Disadvantages of the 1UZ-FE engine

The 1UZ power unit is sufficiently resistant to even very minor flaws during the entire warranty period. It practically does not have significant design flaws, structural flaws in general and for individual units. Therefore, if malfunctions make themselves felt, then they all have a characteristic age tint, which manifests itself upon reaching a high mileage. Also, malfunctions can manifest themselves in the absence of technical inspection, the use of low-quality fuels and lubricants and extreme operation.
Engine Toyota 1UZ under the hood
Often on the motor, candles become unusable. In this case, the main reason is poor gasoline. Replacing them yourself is very difficult. The FE-modification of the motor is so reliable that it has long been nicknamed “millionaire” among the mass of consumers. In any case, with proper maintenance and high-quality fuels and lubricants, the motor is capable of safely departing five hundred or more thousand kilometers.

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