Engine Toyota 3C

The 2.2-liter Toyota 3C-T turbo diesel engine was assembled by the concern from 1992 to 2001 and was installed on Camry-type passenger cars, Estima minivans, and Town Ace minibuses. This is the turbocharged version.

The Toyota 3C-TE turbo diesel engine was assembled in Japan from 1993 to 2004 and was installed in various station wagons, compact vans and minivans such as Caldina, Estima or Picnic. This power unit was distinguished from the 3C-T motor by the presence of an electronically controlled injection pump Denso.

The Toyota 3C-E diesel engine was produced by the concern from 1998 to 2007 and was installed on LiteAce, Town Ace minibuses and three generations of Corolla for the Japanese market. This is a non-turbocharged version, but Denso’s electronically controlled injection pump is present here.


Production years 1992-2007
Displacement, cc 2184
Fuel system prechamber
Power output, hp 79 (3C-E)
88 – 100 (3C-T)
90 – 105 (3C-TE)
Torque output, Nm 147 (3C-E)
185 – 195 (3C-T)
195 – 225 (3C-TE)
Cylinder block cast iron R4
Block head aluminum 8v
Cylinder bore, mm 86
Piston stroke, mm 94
Compression ratio 23.0 (3C-E, 3C-T)
22.6 (3C-TE)
Features SOHC
Hydraulic lifters no
Timing drive belt
Phase regulator no
Turbocharging no (3C-E)
yes (3C-T, 3C-TE)
Recommended engine oil 5W-40
Engine oil capacity, liter 4.9 (3C-E)
5.0 (3C-T)
5.2 (3C-TE)
Fuel type diesel
Euro standards EURO 2
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota Corolla 1999)
— city
— highway
— combined
Engine lifespan, km ~260 000
Weight, kg 170 (3C-E)
185 (3C-T)
190 (3C-TE)

Disadvantages of the Toyota 3C engine

  • The main problem of a diesel engine is the frequent cracking of the cylinder head due to overheating;
  • Also, the aluminum head of this unit suffers from the destruction of valve seats;
  • Air filter pipes quickly crack and dust flies straight into the cylinders;
  • The timing belt has a low resource, and when it breaks, the valves usually bend;
  • Denso’s electronically controlled high-pressure fuel pump will not be able to be repaired everywhere.

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