The 2.8-liter 12-valve Toyota 5M-EU engine was produced in Japan from 1979 to 1989 and was installed on several generations of such popular models as Supra, Cressida and Crown at once. In the European and Australian markets, this power unit is known as the 5M-E.
The engine was installed on:
- Toyota Cressida 2 (X60) in 1980 – 1984; Cressida 3 (X70) in 1984 – 1988;
- Toyota Crown 6 (S110) in 1979 – 1983; Crown 7 (S120) in 1983 – 1987; Crown 8 (S130) in 1987 – 1989;
- Toyota Supra 1 (A40) in 1979 – 1981; Supra A50 in 1979 – 1981; Supra 2 (A60) in 1981 – 1985.
|Power output, hp||120 – 145|
|Torque output, Nm||200 – 230|
|Cylinder block||cast iron R6|
|Block head||aluminum 12v|
|Cylinder bore, mm||83|
|Piston stroke, mm||85|
|Compression ratio||8.8 – 9.0|
|Recommended engine oil||5W-30|
|Engine oil capacity, liter||4.4|
|Euro standards||EURO 2|
|Fuel consumption, L/100 km (for Toyota Crown 1985)
|Engine lifespan, km||~320 000|
Disadvantages of the 5M-EU engine
- A well-known problem of power units of this series is a breakdown of the cylinder head gasket;
- Often, owners overtighten the bolts in the head, trying to get rid of oil leaks;
- The reason for floating speed here is usually contamination of the throttle or idle valve;
- The remaining engine failures are most often associated with the vagaries of the ignition system;
- Since there are no hydraulic lifters, the valves require periodic adjustment.